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Activity Dependent Costing (ABC) Case Study: Exxonmobil

Activity Dependent Costing (ABC) Case Study: Exxonmobil


This specific paper positions an assessment of the set up of papers for college an activity-based costing (ABC) for Exxon Mobil, a world oil company. The discussion within the paper is structured as follows:

  • Setting up an activity-based that is for Exxon Mobil This first area presents a summary of activity-based costing and even focuses on precisely how such a method could be setup for Exxon Mobil.
  • Stages linked to designing BEGYNDERBOG systems Another section of the paper symbolizes the periods involved in the build of an activity-based costing method.
  • Collection of cost car owners An important factor in the set up associated with an activity-based being system is picking a the cost driver operators. The third a part of the document discusses this.
  • Process and Cases The fourth section presents an example calculation for your activity-based charging for Exxon Mobil.
  • Limitations info from B?RNEL?RDOM systems The actual fifth part of the report presents the limitations and challenges in the utilization of activity-based pricing.
  • Finish Finally, a final section summarises the feuds presented during the paper and also highlights the real key points to finish the documents.


Activity-based costing will be utilised to enhance business operations through behavioural, business along with accounting procedures, and ‘focuses on rates associated with functions, but also evaluates whether those people activities add value, hence providing a means of understanding how to a good number of effectively minimize costs‘ (Maiga & Jacobs, 2003).

This particular paper talks about specific parts that will help ExxonMobil in preparing an activity-based costing technique. It is possible to arranged this up for ExxonMobil to ride around in its capabilities but this can require a couple key rules in acting on this approach:

  • Devotion from mature management Having the GRUNDELEMENTER system ‘ll need strong responsibility from older management while there may be challenges and issues raised by way of different stakeholders as this solution is went after.
  • Clear appearance in procedures In addition to commitments, setting up a good ABC technique will also call for that the large business be transparent in its economic and running figures to experience the most purchase implementing this sort of system.


There are several key stages that organisations will need to follow on designing GRUNDELEMENTER systems throughout organisations. The important thing stages with designing GRUNDELEMENTER systems are actually as follows (Allott, 2004):

  • Identify scope along with key things to do performed That stage includes the development of important objectives along with activities for departments plus the organisation. The contest in this period is to guarantee that there aren‘t too many functions that subsequently render the actual analysis when inaccurate offered the aspect required.
  • Apportion one on one staff some assess the organisations‘ resources demanded The management within the organizations then ought to assess the options required to work with the key exercises defined in the first time. This step requires the actual evaluation of exactly where employees spent their time frame, as this are going to be apportioned within the ABC method.
  • Insert other strong costs Aside from the costs relating to the staff and their time, many other direct expenses will also has to be included included in the analysis together with measurement.
  • Allocate unit and corporate overheads and select the key components produced The exact outputs for that activities serious in level one should become defined. These kind of outputs must be largely measurable though there will probably be some exercises that won‘t have instantly measurable signals. From this, departmental and corporate runninhg costs can then be allotted.
  • Split into value-adding and non-value placing activities as well as assess activity-level drivers and cost-input people The fourth point is to evaluate the value-adding in addition to non-value-adding exercises, and also the elements that reason the activity to occur which includes both equally activity-level owners and cost-input drivers. The exact activity-level driver operators are based on the rate of the frequency of the pursuits while the cost-input drivers tend to be related to the cost of performing exactly what for the organization. Cost motorists are particularly crucial in constructing ABC models and the subsequent section covers this concept even more.
  • Analyze unit value Once most of the measurements in addition to factors were defined, it can be then attainable to determine the unit cost you for many output procedures. This will afterward drive next stage.
  • Use findings to determine progress opportunities Within designing and also implementing any ABC structure, there should be effectively define refurbishment opportunities the organisations will certainly target. This can be based on the investigations that derive from the evaluation and are crucial, as this will certainly drive what of the employees and the enterprise. Thus, these kind of improvement choices should be attempts that are plausible and, all at once, could consequence the operation of the setup significantly, in the event achieved.

The levels defined previously are the high-level key stages in developing and implementing an ELEMENTARBOG system pertaining to organisations.


As i have said in the previous spot on the development of planning an GRUNDELEMENTER system, the identification involving cost-input operators is important within the proper setup of the ELEMENT?RVIDEN system. This discusses picking a cost driver operators in bigger detail in the context of an ABC technique. Cost operators play a very important role given that the objective around identifying the price drivers is required to be able to determine how the organisations can afford and command the costs safely and effectively and make worthwhile changes to the way these prices drive the main organisation. The final goal in that case is to own lower costs for those firm in addition to better functioning working and monetary performance that may lead to powerful competitive advantages for organisations versus the competitors inside of a sector.

There are numerous principles which can be important from the identification of your cost individuals for an GRUNDELEMENTER system. The selection of cost owners is important in the following reasons:

  • Drive capabilities of company The BEGYNDERBOG system can be utilised through the value drivers drive an automobile the overall performance of the company.
  • Boost internal being familiar with Having the appropriate cost driver operators selected for the ABC structure will increase the understanding of employees of the value-adding activities and be able to focus on exactly what that caliber the most time frame.
  • Address external things Finally, a few external stakeholders will need to come to be catered so that you can in the range of cost driver operators. The next few paragraphs exhibit how this is important.

Aside from an internal assessment of the main cost people for an company, there are also things that could creep into play. For instance , one of the elements driving picking a cost people is alternative pressure about these cost drivers. Provided with the raising focus on the earth in recent years, the exact pressure to master and deal with the environmental will cost you especially in industries such as the oil based sector has increased with investors concerned about opportunity liabilities that can impact typically the firm and also the general public, like the government, interested in the health issues that may be a consequence of toxic emissions and products (Lee, 2005).

These geographical costs could be significant because seen from the following versions of (Lee, 2005):

  • With. R. Leeway had payments totalling US$50 million in 1998 for external remediation
  • Koch Petroleum Collection spent substantial amounts over the course of a few years to get environmental effects and refinery pollution: circa US$7 trillion in 1998, circa US$$8 million dollars in 99, and circa US$2 million in 2000
  • NCH Firm charged income in the measure of circa US$16 million within 2000 for environmental remediation
  • Unocal furnished provisions amounting to US$22 million in 2002 intended for environmental remediation and bringing down earnings
  • Entire for industrial sectors such as attributes, steel plus metals, petroleum, paper, and also chemicals, which will deal with environmentally-sensitive areas, offers place ‘environmental expenditures being annual coughing up of more than 1% of revenues‘

Thus, with the pressure outwardly to manage environmental costs, it has become a price driver which firms which include Exxon Mobil need to include in an activity-based costing product. The key factors that cause including this kind of cost operater are the following (Lee, 2005):

  • Geographical issues remain increasingly dedicated to by the people and geographical groups world wide
  • Environmental decision-making is so critical and information to be able to process and command this aspect needs to be compiled by the suitable firms
  • Any proactive pose in organizing environmental costs can be very beneficial for firms during these environmentally-sensitive spots particularly ‘in terms associated with risk reduction, prevention with liabilities, along with the preservation for firm reputation‘


Within implementing a strong ABC method in ExxonMobil, it is important to own an initial overview of what the price tag drivers just for Exxon Mobil could be in terms of the design of a good ABC technique. Before continuing on this avenue, a number of assumptions have to be said: (1) this is a high level example of a calculation for ExxonMobil as an exhaustive review is conducted towards properly undertake an BEGYNDERBOG system for those organisation, (2) only swift estimates are presented since these are depending on an outside-in perspective making use of existing personal reports, (3) no certain details are actually provided but still by the setup.

The above measurements are based on a lot of assumptions manufactured for the purpose of exhibiting how could be ABC program could get a new results of often the performance in the regions and allow the organization to then make better decisions. The presumptions were made in this scenario and yes it could be the various way close to in that slightly more costs end up in the US as well as Canada and South America places. The objective in showing all these calculations were starting to highlight the effect that activity-based costing might have in creating a much deeper understanding of the expenses that are listed in the financial records of organisations.

The way the will cost you are next broken up together with allocated to different cost partitions will have a visible impact on these kinds of divisions and also decisions designed. The important consideration is that the ABC system really should identify the ideal allocation of your costs by using an understanding of the time period spent from the staff which include other factors the organisation may perhaps deem crucial in the ELEMENTARBOG system.


The limitations of information coming from ABC products can be researched in two ways: (1) limitations with establishing along with implementing often the ABC programs, and (2) limitations inside use of the material resulting from the exact ABC models implemented with an organisation. This section looks at both of these limitations.

E. 1 . Limits in starting and putting into action the ELEMENT?RVIDEN systems

One of many key troubles in carrying out an activity-based costing treatment is the ability to accumulate the correct information for the suitable use of the structure. Throughout the many the use of the GRUNDELEMENTER system, many limitations have come to the intuition. The key boundaries most often given have been the following:

  • Subjectivity within distribution of time . An integral concern regarding users of the ABC product was the proper distribution of time among the main activities that will employees toned, and the subjectivity in allotting the time increased some worries and challenges in the potential reliability from the system (Journal of Accountancy, 2008). Recently, there have been superior processes which were designed to lower the subjectivity in the syndication of time by way of employees, notably with the tactic used in time-driven activity-based charging with a crucial benefit on simplifying accomplishing this (Lambino, 2007). However , this has not been recently well corresponded and there is still a general issue about this matter for the B?RNEL?RDOM system.
  • Complexity regarding retrieving information for the BEGYNDERBOG system . Another variable that got hampered their use of the ABC technique has been the typical feeling which the retrieval associated with was very complex and that the input recommended in order to carry out the process to the ABC system was likewise demanding (Max, 2008). Automobile overnight point on top of, there have been more developments who have tended to help minimise the very complexity adjoining the collection of the facts needed for the main ABC process but it has not really been accepted widely though the development is changing.

The two main limitations highlighted above could be the key motives that enactment of the B?RNEL?RDOM system has long been limited. Inside organisations the spot that the ABC procedure has been put in place, the two constraints identified include affected the usage of information churned out by the ELEMENT?RVIDEN system. This really is discussed additionally in the next aspect.

E. installment payments on your Limitations during the use of details resulting from B?RNEL?RDOM systems

For those organisations that have made the decision to implement typically the ABC method, there are still disadvantages in the information and facts that need to be thought of as the information is definitely utilised inside organisations‘ decision-making. The key limits are the adhering to:

  • Costing and not an exact scientific disciplines . The outcome from the ELEMENTARBOG system continue being as reports and are relying on the subjectivity of a few of the inputs because described in the last part of the it. The use of cost you averages as well as estimates cuts down the openness of the fee and returns information and thus results in an important limitation from the use of the GRUNDELEMENTER system (Max, 2007).
  • Potential wrong use of information . This argument is not be construed as to be done blatantly. But the place that the information is absolutely not properly attached between things to do and process, the potential is accessible to have imprecise results which in turn impact on how a information is utilised (Crance, Castellano & Roehm, 2001).


That you can implement a good ABC structure for ExxonMobil. A number of a conclusion and check in steps might be highlighted:

  1. High level produce of implementing was proven possible. Step two is to have got a proper critique to follow the whole stages in case the organisation were being keen to get ahead.
  2. Comprehensive process is actually complete a good ABC technique implementation ExxonMobil will need to get along with this together with assign resources in order to push the effort to have the ABC structure implemented.
  3. Dedication and openness important for the very implementation It is advisable to get the buy-in and service of leading management along with the key operators of the setup.

By way of these next steps, this means move into our next stage of getting the BEGYNDERBOG approach designed for ExxonMobil and also implemented during the organisation.

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